Abaca fibre reinforced polymer composites: a review

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Abaca fibre reinforced polymer composites: a review Agnivesh Kumar Sinha1,*

1

, Somnath Bhattacharya1, and Harendra Kumar Narang1

Mechanical Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492010, India

Received: 21 August 2020

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 13 November 2020

Natural fibre reinforced polymer composites are used in structural applications for production of light weight components due to their high specific strength. Abaca fibre as reinforcement in polymer matrices became popular due to applications of its polymer composite in production of exterior components of passenger cars. The present review emphasises on the properties, treatments and extraction of abaca fibre. It also provides an overview of research works related to preparation and properties (mechanical, structural and thermal properties) of abaca fibre reinforced polymer composites. Moreover, it also highlights the research gaps from available literatures, which brings out the paucity of literatures on modelling and simulation of mechanical properties of abaca composites based on polymer matrices like polyester, polylactide, epoxy, phenol formaldehyde, high density polyethylene (HDPE) and polystyrene.

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Springer Science+Business

Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Handling Editor: Maude Jimenez.

Address correspondence to E-mail: [email protected]

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-020-05572-9

J Mater Sci

GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT

Introduction In today’s fast growing world, every aspect of life is being optimised whether it is material or process. However, it is noteworthy that every entity is optimised to manage time because time cannot be produced, it can only be saved. And in order to save time, processes must be fast (less time consuming) for which materials are made lighter yet stronger. Natural fibre reinforced polymer composites are burgeoning in demand for their sprawling use in various applications [1–5].This is due to the fact that natural fibres reinforced polymer composites possess high specific strength [6] which make them lighter as well as stronger than most of the traditional structural materials. Thus, development of natural fibre reinforced polymer composites in structural and automotive applications not only saves resources (like materials, fuel, time, etc.) but it also reduces the carbon footprint. This motivated the researchers and scientists to study the properties of various natural fibre composites (NFCs) [7]. Natural fibres are obtained from plants, minerals and animals [8–10]. But natural fibres obtained from

plants are more preferred due to their abundance [11]. These are lingo-cellulosic materials extracted from various parts of the plants such as fruit, seed, bast, leaf, stalk. Abaca, pineapple, banana, sisal, palm are leaf fibres [8, 12–15]. Bamboo, wheat, corn are some examples of stalk fibres whereas, jute, flax, kenaf are some popular bast fibres. Cotton and coconut are seed and fruit fibres, respectively. Major constituents of natural fibres are cellulose, hemicellulose, li