Dispersion

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Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Marc D. Gellman Editor

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine With 109 Figures and 54 Tables

Editor Marc D. Gellman Behavioral Medicine Research Center Department of Psychology University of Miami Miami, FL, USA

ISBN 978-3-030-39901-6 ISBN 978-3-030-39903-0 (eBook) ISBN 978-3-030-39902-3 (print and electronic bundle) https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-39903-0 1st edition: © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 2nd edition: © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020 This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. The publisher, the authors, and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this book are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication. Neither the publisher nor the authors or the editors give a warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. This Springer imprint is published by the registered company Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The registered company address is: Gewerbestrasse 11, 6330 Cham, Switzerland

Opening Quotations to the First Edition

Some of the unhealthful behaviors that make the greatest contribution to the current burden of disease are cigarette smoking, the abuse of alcohol and drugs, the overeating and underexercise that produce obesity, and Type A behavior. Unfortunately, these behaviors are stubbornly resistant to change and discouragingly subject to relapse. Thus, for behavioral scientists to promise to achieve too much too soon is to court disastrous disillusionment. But any contributions that behavioral scientists can make to reduce any of them will have highly significant implications for health. Miller, N. E. (1983). Behavioral medicine: Symbiosis between laboratory and clinic. Annual Reviews of Psychology, 34, 1–31.

As behavioral medicine researchers, we must become more directly involved in translating gains in the science of clinical and community (disease) prevention to gains in public policy. We have an unprecedented window of opportunity given the growing recognition at all levels of health care and government that clinical and community interventions that promote and support h