Handbook of Clinical Sociology

Clinical sociology is an action-oriented field that seeks to prevent, reduce, or resolve the seemingly overwhelming number of social problems confronting modern society. In an extensive revision of the first edition of this classic text and reference, pub

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CLINICAL SOCIOLOGY Research and Practice SERIES EDITOR: John G. Bruhn, New Mexico State University Las Cruces, New Mexico CLINICAL SOCIOLOGY: An Agenda for Action John G. Bruhn and Howard M. Rebach HANDBOOK OF CLINICAL SOCIOLOGY (Second Edition) Edited by Howard M. Rebach and John G. Bruhn THE LIMITS OF IDEALISM: When Good Intentions Go Bad Melvyn L. Fein THE PARTNERSHIP MODEL IN HUMAN SERVICES: Sociological Foundations and Practices Rosalyn Benjamin Darling RACE AND MORALITY: How Good Intentions Undennine Social Justice and Perpetuate Inequality Melvyn L. Fein

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Handbook of Clinical Sociology Second Edition EDITED BY HOWARD



University of Maryland, Eastern Shore Princess Anne, Maryland




New Mexico State University Las Cruces, New Mexico

Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Handbook of clinical sociology/edited by Howard M. Rebach and John G. Bruhn-2nd ed. p. cm.-(Clinical sociology) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-4613-5445-1 ISBN 978-1-4615-1217-2 (eBook) DOI 10.1007/978-1-4615-1217-2 1. Clinical sociology-Handbooks, manuals, etc. 1. Rebach, Howard M. II. Burhn, John G., 1934- III. Series. [DNLM: 1. Social Medicine. 2. Sociology, Medical.] HM585 .H35 2001 30l-dc21 2001029650

ISBN 978-1-4613-5445-1 © 200 I Springer Science+Business Media New York Originally published by Kluwer Academic I Plenum Publishers, New York in 200 I Soflcovcr rcprint ofthc hardcovcr 2nd cdition 2001

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A C. LP. record for this book is available from the Library of Congress AII rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form Of by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, microfilmmg, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the Publisher.

To all my students and teachers with thanks for all you have taught me. HMR To the faculties in sociology at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln (1952-1958) and Yale University (1958-1961), who were role models of excellence in teaching, research, and service. lGB

Contributors L. Jay Bishop, Department of Social Science, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Princess Anne, Maryland 21853 Sarah Brabant, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, Louisiana 70504 John G. Bruhn, College of Health and Social Services, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003 Nathan Church, St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota 56301 Antoinette Coleman, School of Social Work, Norfolk State University, Norfolk, Virginia 23504 John F. Glass, Studio City, California 91604 Sue Hoppe, Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, San Antonio, Texas 78284 Joyce Miner Iutc