A Location and Action-Based Model for Route Descriptions

Representing human spatial knowledge has long been a challenging research area. The objective of this paper is to model a route description of human navigation where verbal descriptions constitute the inputs of the modeling approach. We introduce a struct

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Editorial Board David Hutchison Lancaster University, UK Takeo Kanade Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Josef Kittler University of Surrey, Guildford, UK Jon M. Kleinberg Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA Friedemann Mattern ETH Zurich, Switzerland John C. Mitchell Stanford University, CA, USA Moni Naor Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel Oscar Nierstrasz University of Bern, Switzerland C. Pandu Rangan Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India Bernhard Steffen University of Dortmund, Germany Madhu Sudan Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA Demetri Terzopoulos University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA Doug Tygar University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA Moshe Y. Vardi Rice University, Houston, TX, USA Gerhard Weikum Max-Planck Institute of Computer Science, Saarbruecken, Germany

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Frederico Fonseca M. Andrea Rodríguez Sergei Levashkin (Eds.)

GeoSpatial Semantics Second International Conference, GeoS 2007 Mexico City, Mexico, November 29-30, 2007 Proceedings

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Volume Editors Frederico Fonseca Pennsylvania State University School of Information Sciences and Technology USA E-mail: [email protected] M. Andrea Rodríguez Universidad de Concepcíon de Chile Chile E-mail: [email protected] Sergei Levashkin National Polytechnic Institute Centro de Investigacion en Computacion Mexico E-mail: [email protected]

Library of Congress Control Number: Applied for CR Subject Classification (1998): H.2, H.2.8, H.3, I.2, H.4, C.2 LNCS Sublibrary: SL 3 – Information Systems and Application, incl. Internet/Web and HCI ISSN ISBN-10 ISBN-13

0302-9743 3-540-76875-0 Springer Berlin Heidelberg New York 978-3-540-76875-3 Springer Berlin Heidelberg New York

This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, re-use of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer. Violations are liable to prosecution under the German Copyright Law. Springer is a part of Springer Science+Business Media springer.com © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007 Printed in Germany Typesetting: Camera-ready by author, data conversion by Scientific Publishing Services, Chennai, India Printed on acid-free paper SPIN: 12193790 06/3180 543210

Preface

GeoS 2007 was the second edition of the International Conference on Geospatial Semantics. It was held in Mexico City, November 29–30, 2007. Semantics has become one of the most important topics of research in computer and information sciences. After many of the basic problems in information sharing and use were solved, it became time to face the most challenging one of all: how to make sense of all the information available even when it was collected and organize