Computing and Software Science State of the Art and Perspectives

The papers of this volume focus on the foundational aspects of computer science, the thematic origin and stronghold of LNCS, under the title “Computing and Software Science: State of the Art and Perspectives”. They are organized in two parts: The first pa

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Bernhard Steffen Gerhard Woeginger (Eds.)

Computing and Software Science State of the Art and Perspectives

Lecture Notes in Computer Science Founding Editors Gerhard Goos Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany Juris Hartmanis Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Editorial Board Members Elisa Bertino Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA Wen Gao Peking University, Beijing, China Bernhard Steffen TU Dortmund University, Dortmund, Germany Gerhard Woeginger RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany Moti Yung Columbia University, New York, NY, USA


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Bernhard Steffen Gerhard Woeginger (Eds.) •

Computing and Software Science State of the Art and Perspectives


Editors Bernhard Steffen Technical University of Dortmund Dortmund, Germany

Gerhard Woeginger RWTH Aachen Aachen, Germany

ISSN 0302-9743 ISSN 1611-3349 (electronic) Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISBN 978-3-319-91907-2 ISBN 978-3-319-91908-9 (eBook) LNCS Sublibrary: SL1 – Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019 The chapter “Computing in Combinatorial Optimization” is Open Access. This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( by/4.0/). For further details see license information in the chapter. This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. The publisher, the authors, and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this book are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication. Neither the publisher nor the authors or the editors give a warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Cover illustration: The tag cloud shown on the cover, provided by Markus Frohme, Stefan Naujokat, and Bernhard Steffen (TU Dortmund, Germany), visualizes the topical coverage of the articles included. Used with permission. This Springer imprint is published by the registered company Springer Nature Switzerland AG The registered company address is: Gewerbestrasse 11, 6330 Cham, Switzerland