Feminist Reflections on the History of Philosophy

Feminist work in the history of philosophy has come of age as an innovative field in the history of philosophy. This volume marks that accomplishment with original essays by leading feminist scholars who ask basic questions: What is distinctive of feminis

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The New Synthese Historical Library Texts and Studies in the History of Philosophy VOLUME 55

Managing Editor: SIMO KNUUTTILA, University of Helsinki

Associate Editors: DANIEL ELLIOT GARBER, University of Chicago RICHARD SORABJI, University of London

Editorial Consultants: JAN A. AERTSEN, Thomas-Institut, Universität zu Köln ROGER ARIEW, Virginia Polytechnic Institute E. JENNIFER ASHWORTH, University of Waterloo MICHAEL AYERS, Wadham College, Oxford GAIL FINE, Cornell University R. J. HANKINSON, University of Texas JAAKKO HINTIKKA, Boston University PAUL HOFFMAN, University of California, Riverside DAVID KONSTAN, Brown University RICHARD H. KRAUT, Northwestern University, Evanston ALAIN DE LIBERA, Université de Genève JOHN E. MURDOCH, Harvard University DAVID FATE NORTON, McGill University LUCA OBERTELLO, Università degli Studi di Genova ELEONORE STUMP, St. Louis University ALLEN WOOD, Stanford University

The titles published in this series are listed at the end of this volume.

FEMINIST REFLECTIONS ON THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY Edited by LILLI ALANEN University of Uppsala, Sweden

and

CHARLOTTE WITT University of New Hampshire, Durham, U.S.A.

KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS NEW YORK, BOSTON, DORDRECHT, LONDON, MOSCOW

eBook ISBN: Print ISBN:

1-4020-2489-4 1-4020-2488-6

©2005 Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. Print ©2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers Dordrecht All rights reserved No part of this eBook may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording, or otherwise, without written consent from the Publisher Created in the United States of America

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

vii

CHARLOTTE WITT, PREFACE

xi

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS CHARLOTTE WITT, Feminist History of Philosophy

xvii 1

KRISTIN SAMPSON, Identity and Gender in Plato

17

CYNTHIA FREELAND, Schemes and Scenes of Reading the Timaeus

33

SIGRIDUR THORGEIRSDOTTIR, Nietzsche’s Feminization of Metaphysics and its Significance for Theories of Gender Difference

51

MARTINA REUTER, Psychologizing Cartesian Doubt: Feminist Reading Strategies and the “Unthought” of Philosophy

69

ROBIN MAY SCHOTT, Feminist Rationality Debates: Rereading Kant

101

CHARLOTTE WITT, Form, Normativity and Gender in Aristotle: A Feminist Perspective

117

SARA HEINÄMAA, The Soul-Body Union and Sexual Difference: From Descartes to Merleau-Ponty and Beauvoir

137

ANNE J. JACOBSON, The Psychology of Philosophy: Interpreting Locke and Hume

153

DON GARRETT, Hume as a Man of Reason and Woman’s Philosopher

171

LILLI ALANEN, Descartes and Elisabeth: A Philosophical Dialogue?

193

LISA SHAPIRO, Some Thoughts on the Place of Women in Early Modern Philosophy

219

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

LILLI ALANEN is Professor of Philosophy at Uppsala University. Her current research interests are in early modern philosophy, philosophy of mind, moral philosophy and psychology. She is co-editor of Commonali