Genetically Modified Citrus: Current Status, Prospects, and Future Challenges

Citrus is a very nutritious fruit that is consumed worldwide, making it one of the most economically important fruits. Like other crops, citrus must cope with multiple biotic and abiotic stressors in its growing environment. These stressors represent obst

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ically Modified Crops Current Status, Prospects and Challenges Volume 2

Genetically Modified Crops

P. B. Kavi Kishor • Manchikatla Venkat Rajam • T. Pullaiah Editors

Genetically Modified Crops Current Status, Prospects and Challenges Volume 2

Editors P. B. Kavi Kishor Department of Biotechnology Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Manchikatla Venkat Rajam Department of Genetics University of Delhi South Campus New Delhi, India

T. Pullaiah Department of Botany Sri Krishnadevaraya University Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India

ISBN 978-981-15-5931-0 ISBN 978-981-15-5932-7


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To get easy access to food and to improve the productivity of crop plants, humans have used methods of domestication and improvement through selective breeding, based on useful phenotypic traits. It was through the work of Gregor Mendel that we learnt about the genetic basis of plant traits. The first hybrid corn was developed in 1922 by an intelligent breeding strategy. Following the discovery of DNA as the genetic material, work of a number of groups led to the concept of gene as the unit of DNA that controls a phenotypic character of an organism. And it was in 1973 that Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen developed genetic engineering by inserting DNA from one bacterium to another. Around the same time Jeff Schell and Marc Van Montagu discovered that it is due to the transfer of the plasmid DNA of Agrobacterium tumefaciens that results in tumor formation in plants. This research was a by-product of

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