Minerals as Advanced Materials I

This book represents a collection of papers presented at the 1st International workshop ‘Minerals as Advanced Materials I’ planned as an exchange of ideas between mineralogists and material scientists. The basic idea of the workshop was to identify minera

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Sergey V. Krivovichev (Ed.)

Minerals as Advanced Materials I

Editor Prof. Dr. Sergey V. Krivovichev Department of Crystallography, Faculty of Geology St. Petersburg State University University Emb. 7/9 St. Petersburg Russia 199034 [email protected]

ISBN: 978-3-540-77122-7

e-ISBN: 978-3-540-77123-4

Library of Congress Control Number: 2007942593 c 2008 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer. Violations are liable to prosecution under the German Copyright Law. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. Cover illustration: Yakovenchukite-(Y), a new yttrium silicate with unique microporous structure discovered in Khibiny massif, Kola peninsula, Russia (Krivovichev S.V., Pakhomovsky Ya.A., Ivanyuk G.Yu., Mikhailova J.A., Men’shikov Yu.P., Armbruster T., Selivanova E.A., Meisser N. (2007): Yakovenchukite(Y) K3NaCaY2[Si12O30](H2O)4, a new mineral from the Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: A novel type of octahedral-tetrahedral open-framework structure. Amer Mineral 92:1525-1530) Cover design: deblik, Berlin Printed on acid-free paper 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 springer.com

Foreword

This book contains chapters presented at the International workshop ‘Minerals as Advanced Materials I’ that was held in the hotel of the Russian Academy of Sciences on the Imandra lake, Kola peninsula, one of the most beautiful places of the Russian North, during 8–12 July, 2007. The idea of the workshop originated from the necessity of interactions between mineralogy and material science, including all aspects of both these disciplines. Many important materials that dominate modern technological development were known to mineralogists for hundreds years, though their properties were not fully recognized. Mineralogy, on the other hand, needs new impacts for the further development in the line of modern scientific achievements, including novel insights provided by development of bio- and nanotechnologies as well as by the understanding of a deep role that information plays in the formation of natural structures and definition of natural processes. Thematically, the book can be separated into several parts dedicated to some specific ideas: zeolites and microporous materials (contributions by Armbruster, Pekov et al., Peters et al., Yakovenchuk et al., Merlino et al., Zubkova and Pushcharovsky, Spiridonova et al., Khomyakov, Z