The Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge

This volume brings together a number of authors that see themselves as contribu­ tors to, or critical commentators on, a new field that has recently emerged within the sociology of knowledge. This new field is 'the Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge' (S

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The New Synthese Historical Library Texts and Studies in the History of Philosophy VOLUME

48

Managing Editor: SIMO KNUUTTlLA,

University of Helsinki

Associate Editors: University of Chicago University of London

DANIEL ELLIOT GARBER, RICHARD SORABJI,

Editorial Consultants: JAN A. AERTSEN, Thomas-Institut, Universitiit zu Koln, Germany ROGER ARIEW, Virginia Polytechnic Institute E. JENNIFER ASHWORTH, University of Waterloo MICHAEL AYERS, Wadham College, Oxford GAIL FINE, Cornell University R.J. HANKINSON, University of Texas JAAKKO HINTIKKA, Boston University, Finnish Academy PAUL HOFFMAN, University of California, Riverside DAVID KONSTAN, Brown University RICHARD H. KRAUT, Northwestern University, Evanston ALAIN DE LIBERA, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne JOHN E. MURDOCH, Harvard University DAVID FATE NORTON, McGill University Luco OBERTELLO, Universita degli Studi di Genova ELEONORE STUMP, St. Louis University ALLEN WOOD,

Cornell University

The titles published in this series are listed at the end of this volume.

THE SOCIOLOGY OF PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE

Edited by

MARTIN KUSCH University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

....

"

Springer-Science+Business Media, B.V

A c.I.P Catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.

ISBN 978-90-481-5390-9 ISBN 978-94-015-9399-1 (eBook) DOI 10.1007/978-94-015-9399-1

Printed on acid-fre e paper

All Rights Reserved

© 2000 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Originally published by Kluwer Academic Publishers in 2000 . Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition 2000

No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means , electronic, mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner.

T ABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements

Vll

MARTIN KUSCH / Introduction

IX

DA VID BLOOR / Wittgenstein as a Conservative Thinker MARTIN KUSCH / The Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge: A Case Study and a Defense

15

JARMO PULKKINEN / Why did Gottlob Frege and Ernst Schroder Fail in their Attempts to Persuade German Philosophers of the Virtues of Mathematical Logic?

39

CRISTINA CHIMISSO / Painting an Icon: Gaston Bachelard and the Philosophical Beard

61

BARRY SANDYWELL / The Agonistic Ethic and the the Spirit of Inquiry: On the Greek Origins of Theorizing

93

MATTHEW CHEW / Politics and Patterns of Developing Indigenous Knowledge under Western Disciplinary Compartmentalization: The Case of Philosophical Schools in Modem China and Japan

125

RANDALL COLLINS / Reflexivity and Social Embeddedness in the History of Ethical Philosophies

155

VOLKER PECKHAUS / The Contextualism of Philosophy

179

JORGE J.E. GRACIA / Sociological Accounts and the History of Philosophy

193

Index

213

v

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I am indebted to a number of friends and colleagues. Simo Knuuttila first invited me to edit this volume in 1994, and he has given useful advice and support throughout the project. The contributors to this