Ceramics and Glasses

Ceramics are renowned for their excellent wear properties, good resistance to degradation in corrosive environments, high modulus and hardness values, and high melting points. Equally well known are their poor thermal and electrical conductivities and the

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Biomedical Materials Second Edition

Biomedical Materials

Roger Narayan Editor

Biomedical Materials Second Edition

Editor Roger Narayan Chapel Hill, NC, USA

ISBN 978-3-030-49205-2    ISBN 978-3-030-49206-9 (eBook) https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49206-9 © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2009, 2021 This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. The publisher, the authors, and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this book are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication. Neither the publisher nor the authors or the editors give a warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. This Springer imprint is published by the registered company Springer Nature Switzerland AG The registered company address is: Gewerbestrasse 11, 6330 Cham, Switzerland

Contents

1 Metallic Biomaterials������������������������������������������������������������������������������    1 Robert M. Pilliar 2 Polymeric Biomaterials���������������������������������������������������������������������������   49 Sreenu Madhumanchi, Teerapol Srichana, and Abraham J. Domb 3 Ceramics and Glasses������������������������������������������������������������������������������  101 Irene G. Turner 4 Biobased Materials for Medical Applications���������������������������������������  139 Otto C. Wilson, Jr. 5 Shape Memory Biomaterials and Their Clinical Applications������������  195 Yufeng Zheng, Jianing Liu, Xili Lu, and Yibo Li 6 Natural and Synthetic Polymeric Scaffolds ������������������������������������������  257 Diana M. Yoon and John P. Fisher 7 Magnetic Nanomaterials ������������������������������������������������������������������������  285 R. V. Ramanujan 8 Mechanical Properties ����������������������������������������������������������������������������  303 Damien Lacroix and Josep A. Planell 9 Metal Corrosion ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  337 Miroslav Marek 10 Wear����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  365 Chunming Jin and Wei Wei 11 Inflammation, Carc