Development of Additive Manufacturing Technology

It is important to understand that AM was not developed in isolation from other technologies. It would not be possible for AM to exist were it not for innovations in areas like 3D graphics and Computer-Aided Design software. This chapter highlights some o

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Additive Manufacturing Technologies Third Edition

Additive Manufacturing Technologies

Ian Gibson • David Rosen • Brent Stucker Mahyar Khorasani

Additive Manufacturing Technologies Third Edition

Ian Gibson Department of Design, Production and Management University of Twente Enschede, The Netherlands

David Rosen George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA, USA

Brent Stucker ANSYS Park City, UT, USA

Mahyar Khorasani Deakin University Armstrong Creek, VIC, Australia

ISBN 978-3-030-56126-0    ISBN 978-3-030-56127-7 (eBook) © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021 This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. The publisher, the authors, and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this book are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication. Neither the publisher nor the authors or the editors give a warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. This Springer imprint is published by the registered company Springer Nature Switzerland AG The registered company address is: Gewerbestrasse 11, 6330 Cham, Switzerland


Thank you for taking the time to read this textbook on Additive Manufacturing (AM). We hope you benefit from the time and effort it has taken putting it together and that you think it was a worthwhile undertaking. It all started as a discussion at a conference in Portugal when we realized we were putting together books with similar aims and objectives. Since we are friends as well as colleagues, it seemed sensible we join forces rather than compete; sharing the load and playing to each other’s strengths undoubtedly means a better all-round effort and result. We wrote this textbook because we have all been working in the field of AM for many years. Although none of us like to be called “old,” we do seem to have around 85 years of experience, collectively, and have each established reputations as educators and researchers in this field. We have each seen the technologies described in this textbook take shape and develop into serious commercial tools, with hundreds of thousands of reg